This injury results from frozen tissues. Light frostbite involves only the skin that takes on a dull, whitish pallor (color). Deep frostbite extends to a depth below the skin. The tissues become solid and immovable. Your feet, hands, and exposed facial areas are particularly vulnerable to frostbite.
When with others, prevent frostbite by using the buddy system. Check your buddy's face often and make sure that he checks yours. If you are alone, periodically cover your nose and lower part of your face with your mittens. Do not try to thaw the affected areas by placing them close to an open flame. Gently rub them in lukewarm water. Dry the part and place it next to your own skin to warm it at body temperature. The best protection is prevention. Here in Alaska, we wear protective clothing, keep an eye on each other and watch our children.
Frostbite and Hypothermia can sneak up on you before you know it has happened. We learned in the Army that at -30 degrees F, you can frostbite your fingers in only eight minutes! It is just a life style to get used to. Some of the information above is from FM 21-76, Department of the Army SURVIVAL book, June 1992, which says on cover "approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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